The Little Potato Peeler

Love Potatoes? 4 Steps for a Lower Glycemic Load

Philippa SandallPotatoes are good carbs, but they are carb rich. A typical medium potato (150g/5oz) has around 20g carbohydrate. Most also have a high GI (averaging around 77). But there’s no need to say no to potatoes if you are managing blood glucose levels. You can reduce their glycemic load by choosing spuds with around 25% less carbs (Lotato™, Carisma™, Spud Lite™, GiLicious™), or with a low or lower GI. We went online shopping for potatoes to help you achieve and maintain better BGLs (blood glucose levels).

Step 1: Keep Portions Moderate

Healthy PlateWhy? Potatoes are carb rich. A typical medium potato (150g/5oz) has around 20g carbohydrate to help power your day. They are what we call good carbs – they put a lot of really good stuff on your dinner plate like dietary fibre and essential micronutrients including vitamins C, B (B6, riboflavin, thiamin and folate) and the minerals potassium, magnesium, and iron. The easiest way to keep an eye on portion size is to eyeball the serving sizes by dividing the dinner plate into three sections. Protein foods (1) and wholegrains/starchy foods (2) should each take up just a quarter of the plate. Cooked green veggies or salad veggies (or both) should fill the remaining half (3).

Step 2: Choose a Lower Carb Potato

Available Carbs per PotatoThere are some varieties of potato with fewer carbs. We sourced five packaged brands with about 20–25% less carbohydrate than regular spuds. Because growing conditions affect the carb content, the producers test their spuds regularly to ensure they meet the lower carbs claim on the packaging.

Catherine Saxelby at Foodwatch did some experimenting with Carisma and Spud Lite and reports they are good all-rounders for family fare: they boil, mash, and bake nicely. Check out her reports on her website (see Read More). If you want to taste test: the team at GiLicious have shared a recipe with us which you can find in The Good Carbs Kitchen.

Step 3: Choose a Lower GI Potato

Glycemic Index ValuesMost potatoes have high GI values averaging around 77 (globally). This is because whatever the variety, potato starch consists of amylopectin and amylose in a fairly constant ratio of 3:1. When we checked the database at glycemicindex.com, flicked through The Shopper’s Guide to GI Values, and trawled back issues of GI News, we found one potato with a low GI and several with moderate values which are better choices for managing blood glucose.

While the variety makes a difference, there are other factors that affect GI. Small, new season potatoes tend to have a lower GI than fully grown spuds left in the ground longer. The recipe changes things, too. Cooking spuds in their skins and serving them with a vinegary dressing lowers the GI. Mashing them with white beans does too as will letting them get cold and making a potato salad, thanks to the resistant starch factor. However, it doesn’t seem to make that much difference to the GI whether you bake, boil or mash a particular variety of potato.

Step 4: Watch the Glycemic Load

How high your blood glucose level rises and how long it remains elevated when you eat a food or meal containing carbohydrate depends on both the GI of the carbohydrate and the total amount of carbohydrate in the food or meal. We use the term “glycemic load” or GL to describe this total amount. You calculate GL by multiplying the GI of a food by its available carbohydrate content (carbohydrate minus fibre in the USA) in the serving (in grams), divided by 100 (because GI is a percentage).

A regular medium-sized (150g/5oz) boiled potato with a high GI (average 77) provides approximately 20g of available carbohydrate. Its glycemic load is 15 (77 ÷ 100 × 20 = 15). Eat two potatoes and that jumps to 30.

You can reduce the load by reducing the portion size of the potato, or by choosing potatoes with less carbohydrate, or potatoes with a low or lower GI.

A medium GiLicious potato which has a moderate GI (61) contains 15 grams of available carbohydrate. Its glycemic load is 9 (61 × 15 ÷ 100 = 9).

A medium Nadine potato, which has a low GI (49) contains 20 grams of available carbohydrate. Its glycemic load is 10 (49 × 20 ÷ 100 = 10).

Spud Watch?

As there are literally hundreds of commercially grown varieties of potatoes around the world, it’s very likely there are other lower carb and lower GI spuds out there. We’ll keep you posted as we find them. If you come across any, please let us know.

Read More:
Hot Potatoes
Foodwatch



This article, by Philippa Sandall, was originally published in the GI News, for which Sandall serves as editor. We urge you to check out the excellent content of the GI News and subscribe here



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September 6, 2019

One Response to “Love Potatoes? 4 Steps for a Lower Glycemic Load”

  1. September 06, 2019 at 11:09 am, Mary-Jo said:

    Thank you so much for these facts, formulas, and interesting article on the fantastic potato! Mikkel Hindhede would be proud! Here in The Netherlands, we have many different ‘stampots’ — dishes where we mash potatoes with vegetables and they are extremely tasty and satisfying while offering a lower GI. We mash with things like green endive, kale, celeriac, cabbage. I use the liquid from parboiling or steaming the vegetables to mash, often, in place of much of the milk to up the total nutrient content. I do add a bit of butter or EVOO to finish the mash.

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